The morphological transformation of adipogenic progenitors into mature adipocytes requires dissolution of actin cytoskeleton with loss of myocardin-related transcription factor (MRTF)/serum response factor (SRF) activity. Circadian clock confers temporal control in adipogenic differentiation, while the actin cytoskeleton–MRTF/SRF signaling transduces extracellular physical niche cues. Here, we define a novel circadian transcriptional control involved in actin cytoskeleton–MRTF/SRF signaling cascade that modulates beige fat thermogenic function. Key components of actin dynamic–MRTF/SRF pathway display circadian regulation in beige fat depot. The core clock regulator, brain and muscle arnt-like 1 (Bmal1), exerts direct transcriptional control of genes within the actin dynamic–MRTF/SRF cascade that impacts actin cytoskeleton organization and SRF activity. Employing beige fat-selective gene-targeting models together with pharmacological rescues, we further demonstrate that Bmal1 inhibits beige adipogenesis and thermogenic capacity in vivo via the MRTF/SRF pathway. Selective ablation of Bmal1 induces beigeing with improved glucose homeostasis, whereas its targeted overexpression attenuates thermogenic induction resulting in obesity. Collectively, our findings identify the clock–MRTF/SRF regulatory axis as an inhibitory mechanism of beige fat thermogenic recruitment with significant contribution to systemic metabolic homeostasis.