Skeletal muscle regeneration in adults is attributed to the presence of satellite stem cells that proliferate, differentiate, and eventually fuse with injured myofibers. However, the signaling mechanisms that regulate satellite cell homeostasis and function remain less understood. While IKKβ-mediated canonical NF-κB signaling has been implicated in the regulation of myogenesis and skeletal muscle mass, its role in the regulation of satellite cell function during muscle regeneration has not been fully elucidated. Here, we report that canonical NF-κB signaling is induced in skeletal muscle upon injury. Satellite cell-specific inducible ablation of IKKβ attenuates skeletal muscle regeneration in adult mice. Targeted ablation of IKKβ also reduces the number of satellite cells in injured skeletal muscle of adult mice, potentially through inhibiting their proliferation and survival. We also demonstrate that the inhibition of specific components of the canonical NF-κB pathway causes precocious differentiation of cultured satellite cells both ex vivo and in vitro. Finally, our results highlight that the constitutive activation of canonical NF-κB signaling in satellite cells also attenuates skeletal muscle regeneration following injury in adult mice. Collectively, our study demonstrates that the proper regulation of canonical NF-κB signaling is important for the regeneration of adult skeletal muscle.